Types of Weeds


Gardening and crop management have been a huge part of maintaining a really nice lawn or backyard. Some even need excellent gardening skills for their living or to support and maintain their income generating sources through agriculture or gardening which make the unwanted growth of different weeds a nuisance. Although some are helpful to the growth of most plants, there are also weeds that are not and can even pester your crops. As they say, prevention will always be the best defense. learn the most common types of weeds and how to control them as you read along!

 

Top 7 Common Weeds

 

Bindweed

bindweed

A Perennial weed which is botanically known as Calystegia sepium or convolvulus arvensis and can grow up to 6.5 feet. Be careful with this weed as it is also known as toxic. Its trumpet-head flower heads make it very attractive. It has the ability to thread or intertwine with other stems, however, it can smother other plants due to too much intertwining. If left unattended, Bindweed can grow into multiples which makes them much harder to eradicate so better to uproot them early or with the help of weed killer which you can apply to the foliage or all throughout the weed.

 

Looking for a weed killer? Get it here: RoundUp Ready-to-Use Weed & Grass Killer III 

 

This weed killer can kill the most stubborn weeds and unwanted grass, it is very convenient as it requires no more additional mixing instructions. Results can be seen in just 3 hours and is rainproof for the first 10 minutes.

 

Dandelion

dandelion

Another Perennial weed that is botanically known as Taraxacum officinale and is one of the most. It grows from beautiful yellow flowers up to 18 inches fluffy plants and has a potential to be toxic but only if in large amounts. Dandelions are helpful to Bees due to the pollen they provide. Their seeds can be easily blown away by wind so do not expect to eradicate them completely if you wish to have no dandelions in your backyard because they will keep on growing back. In situations when you really want to control their growth completely, you may use a mulcher. 

 

Looking for a mulcher? Get it here: Cordless Leaf Blower & Vacuum SOYUS 3in1 Leaf Vacuum Mulcher

 

This mulcher is Battery-powered and has a 170 Miles per Hour speed. It comes with a brushless motor and is very versatile for lawn care. It can blow, vacuum debris and dirt from corners, mulch leaves, sweep off snow on car hoods and floors!

 

Poison Sumac

poison sumac

Also a Perennial weed, botanically known as Toxicodendron vernix which can grow up to 20 feet, Poison Sumac is can reach its toxicity if in large amounts and similar to Poison Ivy, every part of it is poisonous. Once in contact, it may result in having rashes, but unlike other weeds, it does not trail on the ground and climb towards trees. It grows as a shrub or small tree and can be usually seen in swampy, wet areas. It is very distinct because of its reddish stems, long, V-shaped leaflets and yellow-green flowers. Despite this plant being beautiful, you have to be very careful as it still is very dangerous. 

 

Chickweed

chickweed

Botanically known as Stellaria media L. or Alsine media, an annual winter plant which spreads very quickly due to its long roots and can grow as tall as 20 inches. Chickweed loves wet areas with Ph neutral soil. This weed is capable of producing many hundreds of seeds thus very hard to eradicate which can take years after years. What makes it dangerous is that it brings viruses affecting other plants resulting in infection.

 

Green Alkanet

green alkanet

A Perennial weed botanically known as Pentaglottis sempervirens which can grow up to 23 inches. This plant grows from a pretty plant to a weed that is being pollinated by bees. It loves being in woody and grassy areas where it can multiply. Green Alkanet is capable of self-seeding making it multiply very quickly. If you are planning to uproot Green Alkanet, it would be better to dig deep down the roots and hand pull them. Best results if you put on mulching film to prevent further germination. 

 

Looking for a mulching film? Get it here: EcoPlanet Bio-degradable Plastic Mulch Film Gardening Farming Film Outdoor Garden Landscape Weed Barrier Blocker Fabric 

 

Mulch film functions as a soil temperature modifier and limits weed growth. It also prevents moisture loss!

 

Oxalis

oxalis

Also a Perennial weed that comes in a botanic name of Oxalis Corniculata, it can grow up to 20 inches and is known to be toxic if in large amounts. They have similar resemblance with clovers but they have little yellow flowers which will help you identify them. Oxalis is very hard to eradicate most especially if they have grown into multiples already. The best way to eradicate them is to find the central point or the origin plant and uproot it immediately. The origin plant can be seen at the very center of the Oxalis population.

 

Quackgrass

quack grass

Another weed from the Perennial family, the Quackgrass is botanically known as Elytrigia Repens which can grow up to 4 feet. It can be seen as flower spikes with straw-colored underground stems. It can grow on both sunlit and shaded land areas making them very persistent and a little challenging to eradicate. If you wish to uproot them, dig out the grass as soon as possible down to the very root so as to prevent its chance to create new shoots for further growth. 

 

Identifying a Weed

Weeds can be further classified into three categories – their structural features, life cycle and habitat. Below is an overview on how we can better identify them.

 

Structural Features Description
Grasses
  • Are one seed-leaf (monocotyledons)
  • Leaves are long, narrow with parallel veins
  • Usually have a lower and upper portion called sheath and blade
  • Stems have well-defined nodes which are arranged at a regular manner where leaves arise
  • Have fibrous root system
Sedges
  • Have solid, triangular stems
  • Leaves are arranged with 3 ranks or layers
  • No distinct upper and lower portions
Broadleaved
  • Have very distinct expanded leaf blades
  • Leaf veins are either parallel or netted

 

Life Cycle Description
Annuals
  • Weeds that reproduce only one seed/s
  • May produce unwanted roots and stems
  • Capable to form and grow new plants buy just cutting or even damaging the stems accidentally
Biennials
  • Lives at most 2 years
Perennials
  • Lives for more than 2 years
  • Can reproduce through seeds, roots, stolons and tubers

 

Habitat Description
Aquatic
  • Weeds that prefer growing in a very wet or submerged soil areas such as puddles and swamps
Semi-aquatic
  • Weeds that usually grow on land but can also adapt to wet environment
Terrestrial
  • Weeds that can only survive dry lands and environment

 

Why are some weeds causing agricultural problems?

 

Weed management and control is very important to ensure a high yield on crop quality. Weeds are known to add stress to the crop environment by competing with the sunlight needed by the crops, the nutrients given by the soil as well as the water. Some weeds are very parasitic to demand more of these factors contributing to a good crop growth resulting in deaths of the crops. Some weeds also produce byproducts that poison other crops and plants growing with them. Drastic growth of unwanted weeds also increases labor cost as gardeners and farmers tend to spend additional hours and resources to control and eradicate them. 

 

Weed Management and Control

 

Manual Method through hand weeding or uprooting and with the use of hand tools such as hoes and sickles.

 

Advantages Disadvantages
  • An effective method of eradicating unwanted weeds that has been practiced for many years already
  • Most practical and efficient method
  • Tedious
  • Time consuming
  • Not the most recommended method to be applied to extra large scale gardening or land area

 

Mechanical Method through the use of rotary weeder and lithao during land preparation or modification. Two common land preparation techniques are burial and disturbing the roots.

 

Burial is done by burying the weeds using tools so as to alter and stop the growth of weeds most especially the annual growing types of weeds while disturbing the roots means cutting through the weeds’ root system causing death by desiccation before they can even regrow and re-establish their root system.

 

Advantages Disadvantages
  • Requires less time
  • Relatively cheaper, cost-wise, as compared to Manual methods
  • Cannot guarantee a hundred percent eradication
  • Not applicable to soils that are too dry and too wet
  • Improper handling through land preparation can also kill or damage healthy crops

 

Now, gardening and crop management can go easy with all this new knowledge! In any cases that you wish to advance your skills and knowledge on gardening and agricultural techniques, do not hesitate to consult an expert or a professional gardener and agriculturist as they can provide you with the right tools and discuss with you all the technicalities that will gear you to level up your gardening and crop management experience.

 

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